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The Yak-40 is a regional airliner designed in the Soviet Union in the 1960s by Yakolev to serve poorly equipped airports with short runways in bad weather.
After announcing the programme, the maiden flight of the straight winged trijet prototype was made in 1966. Production was launched at the Saratov Aviation Plant in 1967 and Soviet type certification granted in 1968. The Yak-40 entered service on 30 September, 1968 and was in production until 1981. By the time production ended, the factory had produced more than 1,010 aircraft, of which around 130 were exported across the world.
The Yak-40 is powered by three Ivchenko AI-25 turbofan engines and carries up to 32 passengers 1,800 km. The three engine layout was chosen for increased redundancy, and thus better one engine out performance, also allowing good short field performance.
The passenger cabin is ahead of the wing, and the pressurised fuselage has a diameter of 2.4m. Passengers enter the aircraft via a set of ventral airstairs in the rear fuselage, and those updated to VIP configurations appear to have sealed shut the cargo door.
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